The EU’s instinct for opposing popular mandates probably has its roots in Hitler’s rise to power through the ballot box. VW’s unions are very EU in that respect.
Any business trying to buy VW will find that it is not possible to buy it, so whilst they like to acquire other companies, and to impose their Weltanschauung on other societies, they are very resistant to chage.
Hence the Eurozone prison for Club Med.
The American market has voted on VW, however. Nien.
And as for any threats to build future VW plants in the sclerotic northern states, forget them. There will be no more VW plants in the USA. Mexico is where VW is spending its money.